13 Best Vegetables That Grow In Partial Shade

veggies grow in partial shade

After the Corona pandemic, many people have turned to grow vegetables. But there are many people who want to plant vegetables, unfortunately, due to lack of sunlight at their home, they give up this idea and get busy in their life as were before, which causes a great loss to themselves either in terms of money or homegrown veggies.

According to the report of National Gardening Association, the Covid pandemic created 18.3 million new gardeners, most of whom are millennials and 55% of American households engage in gardening activities, even the children involved in growing vegetables are more willing to eat them. (Garden Pals)

So now it seems that the importance of planting vegetables has increased more than before, and if you are one of those who have a shady spot in your garden or shady vegetable garden, don’t despair.

There are plenty of vegetables that will grow and thrive in partial shade. In fact, some vegetables actually prefer it! And some are winter vegetables that can be grown too.

Therefore, in this article, we will introduce 13 vegetables that grow in partial shade or shady places and you may call them low-light vegetables.

Vegetables That Grow In Partial Shade are, Lettuce, arugula, beets, beans, black salsify, broccoli,  brussels sprouts, Chinese cabbage, collard greens, cress, carrots, endive, escarole, garlic, kale, peas, and potatoes. These vegetables will do best in an area that gets 3 to 4 hours of sunlight a day.

Partial shade is an area that receives less than the full sun but more than full shade. When planting vegetables in partial shade, it’s essential to choose the right variety for your specific growing conditions.

Some vegetables are more tolerant of low-light conditions than others. For example, leafy greens like lettuce and spinach typically do better in partial shade than root vegetables like carrots and potatoes.

Before getting started you have to clear your mind with the fact that no vegetable can thrive in deep, dense shade. While ornamental gardeners have choices for plants to grow in full shade, that’s not the case for vegetable gardeners.

Now Let’s get started.


13 Best Vegetables that grow in partial shade

Gardening is a fun way to get outside for some fresh air and physical activity. So let’s play in the dirt and get some ambiance of these veggies that grow in shade.

Lettuce

Lettuce image

Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is an annual plant of the daisy family, Asteraceae.

It is most often grown as a leaf vegetable, but sometimes for its stem and seeds.

Lettuce is most often used for salads, although it is also seen in other kinds of food, such as soups, sandwiches, and wraps.

One variety, the romaine lettuce, is often used for Caesar salads.

Lettuce looks like a green leafy vegetable with a slightly bitter taste. There are many different varieties of lettuce, including romaine, iceberg, butterhead, and leaf lettuce.

The key to growing lettuce is to grow it in partial shade. Lettuce needs moist soil and does not tolerate drought well. It is a cool-season crop that can be planted in the spring or fall.

Scientific NameLactuca sativa
USDA Growing Zones3 to 8
Required Sunlight4 to 6 hours per day
Soil TypeLoamy, rich, well-drained soil
Crop Water RequirementTwice a week
Growth Period6 to 8 weeks
FertilizingIt’s better once in a two week
Health BenefitsStrengthen bones and lower blood pressure

Arugula

Arugula Plant

Arugula, also known as rocket salad or roquette, is a leafy green vegetable that belongs to the brassica family.

It has a slightly peppery taste and is often used in salads or as a garnish. Arugula is rich in vitamins A and C, as well as calcium and iron.

There are two main types of arugula: wild and cultivated. Wild arugula has a more pungent flavor than cultivated varieties.

It is also higher in nutrients, including beta-carotene and lutein.

Arugula grows best in cool weather and can be planted in the spring or fall. It prefers partial shade and needs regular watering. The key to growing arugula is to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.

Arugula is a low-maintenance crop and is relatively pest- and disease-free. However, it can be susceptible to aphids and flea beetles. To prevent these pests, grow arugula in well-drained soil and keep the plants well-watered. You can also grow arugula under floating row covers.

Arugula is ready to harvest when the leaves are 4-6 inches long. Cut the leaves off at the base of the plant using sharp scissors or a knife. Arugula will continue to produce new leaves if you harvest regularly.

Arugula is a versatile green that can be used in a variety of dishes. Try it in a salad with other greens and fruits, or use it as a garnish on soup or pasta. You can also add arugula to sandwiches or wraps for a flavor boost.

Scientific NameEruca sativa
USDA Growing Zones2 to 11 (Annual)
Required SunlightMinimum 4 to 6 hours per day
Soil TypeLoamy, moist, well-drained soil
Crop Water RequirementTwice in a week (frequently irrigations are preferred)
Growth Period5 to 7 weeks
FertilizingOnce in a two week
Health BenefitsControl weight, improve eye health, and reduce cancer risk

Beets

Images of Beets

Beets are root vegetables that grow in the ground. They are typically red or purple in color, but can also be white or yellow.

Beets are low in calories and a good source of fiber and vitamins.

Beets can be eaten cooked or raw, and are often used in salads and juices.

To grow beets, you will need a sunny spot in your garden with well-drained soil.

Beets can be planted in early spring or late summer.

When planting, make sure to space the seeds about 2 inches apart. Beets typically take about 50 days to grow. To harvest, simply pull the beetroot out of the ground.

Some common varieties of beets are Detroit Dark Red, Early Wonder Tall Top, Golden Globe, and Lutz Green Leaf.

To grow beets successfully, it is important to water them regularly and fertilize the soil. Beets also grow well in partial shade. With a little care, you can enjoy fresh beets from your garden.

Scientific NameBeta vulgaris
USDA Growing Zones2 to 11 (Annual)
Required Sunlight4 to 6 hours per day
Soil TypeSandy, Loamy soil
Crop Water RequirementAn inch of water per week (2.5cm)
Growth Period7 to 8 weeks
FertilizingOnce in a two week
Health BenefitsMaintain blood pressure, fight cell damage, and control blood sugar level

Beans

Image of beans

Beans are a type of legume, and they come in many different varieties.

They can be either green or dried, and they can be used in many different dishes.

Beans grow best in warm climates and need to be planted in well-drained soil.

The key to growing beans is to provide them with enough water and sunlight.

Beans are a partial shade vegetables and too much sunlight can cause the beans to become dry and tough.

When watering beans, be sure to water them deeply and evenly. If the soil is too dry, the beans will not grow properly.

Beans should be harvested when they are fully grown and mature. Fully grown beans will be about 4-5 inches in length.

To harvest beans, cut the stem of the plant just above the bean pod. Be sure to wear gloves when harvesting beans, as the plants can be prickly.

There are many different varieties of beans, such as black beans, kidney beans, and pinto beans.

Scientific NamePhaseolus vulgaris
USDA Growing Zones2 to 11 (Annual)
Required Sunlight6 to 8 hours per day
Soil TypeRich, medium moist soil
Crop Water RequirementTwo inches of water per week
Growth Period7 to 9 weeks
FertilizingOnce a month
Health BenefitsReduce cholesterol, decrease blood sugar levels and increase healthy gut bacteria. 

Black Salsify

Black-Salsify

Black salsify, also known as scorzonera, is a root vegetable that resembles a long, thin black carrot.

It is native to the Mediterranean region and has been cultivated for centuries.

There are many different varieties of black salsify, but the most common is the Spanish Black Salsify, which has dark brown or black skin.

The key to growing black salsify is to choose a variety that is suited for your climate.

Black salsify can be grown in USDA hardiness zones 4-9, but it does best in zones 6-8. It prefers well-drained, sandy soil and full sun to partial shade.

Black salsify is a cool-weather crop and can be planted as early as February in some areas. It takes about 90 days to mature.

Once black salsify is harvested, it can be stored in a cool, dark place for up to two months.

When cooked, black salsify has a mild, nutty flavor that is similar to that of artichokes. It can be roasted, mashed, or used in soups and stews.

So if you’re looking for a unique vegetable to add to your garden, consider black salsify. With its easy-to-grow nature and delicious taste, it’s sure to be a hit with everyone in the family.

Scientific NameScorzonera hispanica
USDA Growing Zones4 to 9
Required Sunlight6 to 8 hours per day
Soil TypeSandy, loamy, and well-drained soil
Crop Water Requirement1-2 inches per week  
Growth Period12 to 18 weeks
FertilizingOnce every two weeks
Health BenefitsPrompting weight loss, improve the functionality of the immune system and brain

Broccoli

Image of Broccoli

Broccoli is a cool weather crop that grows best in partial shade.

The key to growing broccoli is to keep the soil moist and fertilize regularly.

Broccoli comes in many different varieties, including Purple Broccoli, which has a deep purple color and a slightly sweeter flavor than green broccoli.

When choosing a broccoli plant, look for one that is compact and has dark green leaves.

It can be eaten raw or cooked and is often used in soups and stir-fries. The key to growing broccoli is to keep the soil moist and fertilize regularly.

Broccoli loves cool weather, so it’s best to plant it in the spring or fall. If you live in a warm climate, you can grow broccoli indoors under grow lights.

When choosing a broccoli plant, look for one that is compact and has dark green leaves.

Scientific NameBrassica oleracea var. italica
USDA Growing Zones2 to 11 (Annual)
Required Sunlight6 to 8 hours per day
Soil TypeSandy and well-drained soil
Crop Water Requirement1-2 inches per week  
Growth Period2 to 3 months
FertilizingOnce a month
Health BenefitsMay prevent chronic diseases and improve liver health

Brussels Sprouts

Brussels-Sprouts

Brussels sprouts are a member of the brassica family, which also includes cabbage, kale, and broccoli.

They’re believed to have originated in ancient Rome, but they gained popularity in Belgium during the 16th century.

Brussels sprouts grow on a stalk and look like mini cabbages. There are several varieties, but the most common are green and red.

Brussels sprouts can be eaten raw or cooked, and they’re a good source of fiber, vitamins C and K, and folic acid.

To grow Brussels sprouts, start by planting seeds in late spring or early summer. The plants need full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil.

When the sprouts are about the size of a dime, start harvesting them by breaking or cutting them off the stalk. Continue harvesting until all of the sprouts have been picked.

The key to growing Brussels sprouts is to start with healthy plants and give them plenty of space to grow.

Scientific NameBrassica oleracea cultivars
USDA Growing Zones2 to 11 (Annual)
Required Sunlight6 to 8 hours per day
Soil TypeFertile, loamy, well-drained soil
Crop Water Requirement1-2 inches per week  
Growth Period26 to 31 weeks
FertilizingTwice a week
Health BenefitsImprove bone strength and prevent injuries.

Chinese Cabbage

Chinese-Cabbage

Chinese cabbage is a cool-weather vegetable that is related to broccoli and kale. It has long, dark green leaves and a white or light green stalk.

Chinese cabbage can be eaten raw or cooked, and it’s a good source of vitamins A, C, and K.

To grow Chinese cabbage, start by planting seeds in late spring or early summer. The plants need full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil.

When the heads are about the size of a tennis ball, they’re ready to harvest. Cut them off at the base of the plant, being careful not to damage the roots.

The key to growing Chinese cabbage is to start with healthy plants and give them plenty of space to grow. Chinese cabbage is a cool-weather vegetable, so it’s best to plant it in the spring or fall.

If you live in a warm climate, you can grow Chinese cabbage indoors under grow lights. When choosing a Chinese cabbage plant, look for one that is compact and has dark green leaves.

Scientific NameBrassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
USDA Growing Zones4 to 9
Required Sunlight4 to 6 hours per day
Soil TypeLoamy, sandy, well-drained soil
Crop Water Requirement0.5 – 1 inch per week  
Growth Period16 to 22 weeks
FertilizingOnce in 2 or 3 weeks
Health BenefitsStrengthen the immune system, and improve digestive system and eye health

Collard Green

Collard-Green

Collard greens are a type of leafy green vegetable that is part of the cabbage family.

They are typically dark green in color and have a slightly bitter taste.

Collard greens grow best in warm weather, but can also tolerate cooler temperatures.

They need plenty of sunlight and water to grow properly.

There are many different varieties of collard greens, but the most common ones are the Georgia and Morris varieties.

The Georgia collard green is the most popular type in the southern United States, while the Morris collard green is more popular in the northern United States.

The key to growing collard greens successfully is to plant them in an area that receives partial shade. They also need to be watered regularly and fertilized periodically.

If you live in an area with warm weather, you can plant collard greens year-round. However, if you live in an area with cooler weather, it’s best to plant them in the spring or fall.

Scientific NameBrassica oleracea var. viridis
USDA Growing Zones2 to 11 (Annual)
Required Sunlight4 to 6 hours per day
Soil TypeRich, well-drained soil
Crop Water Requirement2 inches per week
Growth Period10 to 14 weeks
FertilizingOnce in 2 or 3 weeks
Health BenefitsPrevent inflammation in our body and improve liver functions

Cress

Cress Plant

Cress (Lepidium sativum) is a fast-growing, edible herb.

It is related to watercress and mustard and has a slightly peppery flavor.

Cress is commonly used in salads, sandwiches, and as a garnish.

There are many varieties of cress available, including garden cress, watercress, upland cress, and pepper cress.

Garden cress is the most common type of cress grown in home gardens.

Watercress is an aquatic plant and grows best in cool, running water. Upland cress is a slightly bitter variety that thrives in dry, rocky soil. Pepper cress has a spicy flavor and is often used as a garnish or in sandwiches.

To grow cress, start with seeds or seedlings. Cress prefers partial shade and moist, well-drained soil. Be sure to keep the soil moist, as cress is a fast-growing plant and will quickly dry out.

Harvest cress when it is 6-8 inches tall. Cut the plants back to encourage new growth, and be sure to thin out overcrowded seedlings.

Scientific NameLepidium sativum
USDA Growing Zones2 to 11 (Annual)
Required Sunlight8 to 12 hours per day
Soil TypeLoose, well-drained soil
Crop Water RequirementOnce a week
Growth Period3 to 6 weeks
FertilizingOnce a month
Health BenefitsHelps in weight loss, organ functions, and diabetes

Endive

Endive Plant

Endive is a leafy vegetable that belongs to the chicory family. It has a slightly bitter taste and is often used in salads.

There are two main types of endive: Belgian endive and curly endive.

Belgian endive is also known as witloof or witlof, while curly endive is sometimes called frisée.

Endive plants grow to a height of about 18 inches (45 cm). The leaves are long and narrow, with pointed tips. They can be either green or red in color.

Belgian endive is grown underground. This prevents the leaves from turning green and bitter-tasting. Curly endive, on the other hand, is grown in the sun. This causes the leaves to curl up and turn yellow or red.

Endive is a cool weather crop. It can be planted in early spring or late summer. In mild climates, it can even be planted in winter.

The key to growing endive is to grow it in partial shade. This will prevent the leaves from becoming too bitter. Endive is relatively easy to grow and does not require much care.

Simply water it regularly and fertilize it every few weeks. After about three months, your endive plants should be ready to harvest.

Scientific NameCichorium endivia
USDA Growing Zones3 to 8
Required Sunlight4 to 6 hours per day
Soil TypeMedium moisture, well-drained soil
Crop Water RequirementAn inch per week
Growth Period12 to 16 weeks
FertilizingOnce in a 3 to 4 weeks
Health BenefitsManage cholesterol level and improve eye health

Peas

Peas Image

Peas are a cool-weather crop that grows best in partial shade.

Peas come in many different varieties, from small and sweet to large and starchy.

The key to growing peas is to plant them early in the season, as they will not tolerate heat well.

Peas are a great addition to any garden, and with careful planning, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of these delicious little legumes.

Peas need well-drained soil that is high in organic matter. Peas are a nitrogen-fixing crop, which means they help to improve the fertility of the soil they are grown in.

Peas should be planted as soon as the ground can be worked in the spring. Peas can be direct seeded, or started indoors and transplanted outdoors.

Scientific NamePisum sativum
USDA Growing Zones2 to 11 (Annual)
Required Sunlight4 to 6 hours per day
Soil TypeSandy loam, well-drained soil
Crop Water RequirementAn inch per week
Growth Period8 to 10 weeks
FertilizingNot required / Once a month (if in pots)
Health BenefitsLower your risk of chronic conditions like diabetes, heart deceased

Potatoes

Potatoes Image

Potatoes are versatile and delicious root vegetables that grow in partial shade.

They come in many different varieties, each with its own unique flavor and texture.

The key to growing potatoes is to choose the right variety for your climate and soil type.

There are four main types of potatoes: russet, red, white, and yellow.

Russet potatoes are the largest and most popular type of potato.

They have thick skin and are perfect for baking and mashed potatoes. Red potatoes are smaller and more delicate than russet potatoes. They have a thin skin and are good for boiled or roasted potatoes.

White potatoes are the smallest type of potato. They have a fluffy texture and are good for boiled or mashed potatoes. Yellow potatoes are a cross between white and red potatoes. They have thin skin and a creamy texture.

The key to growing potatoes is to choose the right variety for your climate and soil type. Potatoes grow best in cool weather with moist, well-drained soil.

Scientific NameSolanum tuberosum
USDA Growing Zones3 to 10 (Annual)
Required Sunlight6 to 8 hours a day 
Soil TypeSandy, well-drained soil
Crop Water Requirement1-2 inches per week
Growth Period8 to 14 weeks
FertilizingOnce a month
Health BenefitsImprove digestion, reduce signs of aging, and protect the skin

Must Read: How To Landscape Fabric Under Gravel?


Wrap Up On Vegetables That Grow In Partial Shade

All of the vegetables listed here are considered cool season crops and some are known as winter vegetables. When choosing vegetables to grow in partial shade, it is important to consider the climate and soil type.

With careful planning and regular care, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of these delicious vegetables.

So, there you have it! Vegetables that grow in partial shade. What vegetable will you choose to grow in your garden? Let us know in the comments!


FAQs: Vegetables That Grow In Partial Shade

Q: Can Black Salsify Grow In Partial Shade?

Ans: Yes, black salsify can grow in partial shade. It prefers full sun but will tolerate light shade. If the sun is too intense, the leaves may scorch. So water regularly, especially during hot weather.
Even though it prefers full sun, it will still produce flowers and seed pods in partial shade. So if you live in an area with hot summers, or if you want to grow black salsify in a container, partial shade is the way to go.

Q: Will Cucumbers Grow In Shade?

Ans: Cucumbers are typically a sun-loving plant, but there are some varieties that can tolerate partial shade. If you’re looking to grow cucumbers in an area that doesn’t get full sun, try a variety like ‘Lemon’ or ‘Boothby’s Blonde’.
Keep in mind that cucumbers grown in shade may not produce as much fruit as those grown in full sun.

Q: Does Parsley Like Sun Or Shade?

Ans: Parsley is a plant that tolerates both sun and shade, but it grows best in full sun. It is a good idea to protect parsley from the hot afternoon sun, as this can cause the leaves to wilt.
Moreover, too much shade can make the plant leggy and prevent it from producing as many leaves.
Thus, for best results, grow parsley in an area that receives full sun in the morning but is shaded from the hot afternoon sun.

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